Please forward this error screen to 50. 200 BC and 500 AD. Over the past two thousand years the island has received waves of settlers of diverse origins including Austronesian, Bantu, Arab, South Asian, Chinese and European populations. Most of the genetic makeup of the average Malagasy, however, reflects an a history of the arab peoples pdf equal blend of Austronesian and Bantu influences, especially in coastal regions.
Other populations often intermixed with the existent population to a more limited degree or have sought to preserve a separate community from the majority Malagasy. By the European Middle Ages, over a dozen predominant ethnic identities had emerged on the island, typified by rule under a local chieftain. These kingdoms increased their wealth and power through exchanges with European, Arab and other seafaring traders, whether they were legitimate vessels or pirates. The Sakalava and Merina kingdoms in particular exploited European trade to strengthen the power of their kingdoms, trading Malagasy slaves in exchange for European firearms and other goods. Throughout this time, European and Arab seafarers operating in the Indian Ocean traded with coastal communities, and Europeans made several unsuccessful attempts to claim and colonize the island. Kingdom of Imerina, located in the central highlands with its capital at Antananarivo. Over the 19th century, a series of Merina monarchs engaged in the process of modernization through close diplomatic ties to Britain that led to the establishment of European-style schools, government institutions and infrastructure.
Reunion and later Algeria, where she died in 1917. 1896 and approximately 500,000 slaves were freed. French-run plantations, which generated high revenues for the colonial administration. Opportunities for Malagasy to access education or skilled positions within the colonial structure were limited, although some basic services like schools and clinics were extended to coastal areas for the first time. French military committed atrocities that deeply scarred the population.