Defining a person’s social class can consciousness and its place in nature pdf a determinant for their awareness of it. The upper class tenaciously maintained control over the political system, depriving not only the working classes but the middle classes of a voice in the political process.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. According to Lukács, each social class has a determined class consciousness which it can achieve. Hence, capitalism is not thought as a specific phase of history, but is naturalized and thought of as an eternal solidified part of history. Only a global perspective can point out how all these different domains interact, argues Lukács.
Thus, with Kant’s rational system, history becomes totally contingent and is thus ignored. Even if the bourgeois loses his individual point of view in an attempt to grasp the reality of the totality of society and of the historical process, he is condemned to a form of false consciousness. Furthermore, only dialectical materialism links together all specialized domains, which modern rationalism can only think as separate instead of as forming a totality. Only the proletariat can understand that the so-called “eternal laws of economics” are in fact nothing more than the historical form taken by the social and economical process in a capitalist society.