Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. With the facing mount kenya free pdf download of the railway from Mombasa to Uganda, the missionaries expanded their work into Kenya’s interior.
The missionaries then penetrated into western Kenya and set up schools and missions. The first school in western Kenya was established at Kaimosi in 1902. During the colonial era, the number of Kenyans with exposure to education steadily increased and a good number of them were privileged to proceed abroad for further education. Julius Gikonyo Kiano was the first Kenyan to obtain a PhD. He returned to Kenya and was instrumental in establishing a school in Githunguri. The trend steadily rose over the years and by the time of independence in 1963, 840,000 African children were attending elementary school. Tumutumu Mission School, now Tumutumu Girls’ High School established in 1908.
European Girls’ School, now Kenya High School established 1908. Thogoto School, now Thogoto Teachers’ Training College established 1910. Kenya began a campaign for free primary education after independence in 1963. Since then, the system of education has undergone transformation twice. Before independence elementary education was based on the colonial system of education.
5 years of university education. With the collapse of the East African community in 1977, Kenya continued with the same system of education but changed the examination names from their regional identity to a national identity. 4 system of education, which adopted 8 years of primary education, 4 years of secondary education and 4 years of university education. To date, there has been steady growth in the advancement of education in the country.
Some private schools, however, offer a system of education similar to the British system of education with ordinary level exams, “O-levels” taken at the end of 4 years of secondary school and advanced levels “A-levels”, taken after two years of high school. Out of all children in Kenya about 85 percent attend primary school. 75 percent of those who complete primary education proceed to secondary schools and 60 percent of those who complete secondary school proceed to higher institutions of education which include business and vocational institutions, national polytechnics, public and private universities within the country. Over 950,000 Kenyans have furthered their education abroad with a majority of graduates from India, UK, Canada, the United States, Russia and Uganda. Education quality has recently received a lot of attention in Kenya. In 2010, the NAC released the results of its first assessment.