1930s, the UAW grew rapidly from 1936 to the 1950s. Democratic party, including the civil rights and anti-Communist movements. UAW members in the 21st century work in industries as diverse as autos and uaw gm contract 2015 pdf parts, health care, casino gambling and higher education. 391,000 active members and more than 580,000 retired members in over 600 local unions.
The UAW currently has 1,150 contracts with some 1,600 employers. Committee for Industrial Organization, the original CIO, within the AFL. It attracted young left-wing activists, socialists and Communists, in contrast to the older, established AFL leaders. UAW as their representative in a sit-down strike.
Ford, and his Ford Service Department was set up as an internal security, intimidation, and espionage unit within the company. Communists provided many of the organizers and took control of key union locals, especially Local 600, which represented the largest Ford plants. The Communist faction controlled some of the key positions in the union, including the directorship of the Washington office, the research department, and the legal office. Communists, but Reuther and his allies and the Communists were distinct factions in the UAW. The UAW discovered that to be a successful bargaining agency with the corporation it had to be able to uphold its side of the bargain. That meant wildcat strikes and disruptive behavior by union members had to be stopped by the union itself. The war dramatically changed the nature of the UAW’s organizing.
After the successful organization of the auto industry, the UAW moved towards unionization of other industries. The AMF and Murray plants later closed and were relocated to other states after increasing competition forced retooling, modernization, and a reduction in per-unit labor costs. In 1980, the Schwinn factory, hard hit by foreign competition and in need of complete modernization, also closed its doors and failed. The UAW struck GM for 113 days, beginning in November 1945, demanding a greater voice in management. The UAW went along with GM in return for an ever-increasing packages of wage and benefit hikes through collective bargaining, with no help from the government. UAW’s constitutional convention in 1946 and served until his death in an airplane accident in May 1970. Reuther led the union during one of the most prosperous periods for workers in U.
Immediately after the war left-wing elements demanded “30-40”: that is, a 30-hour week for 40 hours pay. Reuther rejected 30-40 and decided to concentrate on total annual wages, displaying a new corporatist mentality that accepted management’s argument that shorter hours conflicted with wage increases and other job benefits and abandoning the old confrontational syndicalist position that shorter hours drove up wages and protected against unemployment. The UAW delivered contracts for his membership through negotiation. Reuther would pick one of the “Big three” automakers, and if it did not offer concessions, he would strike it and let the other two absorb its sales. The UAW negotiated employer-funded pensions at Chrysler, medical insurance at GM, and in 1955 supplementary unemployment benefits at Ford. Many smaller suppliers followed suit with benefits.