He was a longtime contributor to leading magazines. Zinsser wrote “So it happened that the two men who collaborated most closely on the creation of the new Germany were Zinsser relatives. William Zinsser’s weekly web posting, “Zinsser on Friday,” featuring his short essays writing about your life zinsser pdf writing, the arts, and popular culture. In his books, Zinsser emphasizes the word “economy”.
He adds, “Zinsser’s sound theory is that ‘writing improves in direct ratio to the number of things we can keep out of it. Zinsser encouraged memoir writers to believe in their own uniqueness and defined success as “doing what you want to do and doing it well”. Zinsser died at the age of 92 in Manhattan on May 12, 2015. The American Scholar, March 25, 2011. This page was last edited on 29 July 2017, at 19:23.
Teachers often find it difficult to integrate writing and mathematics while honoring the integrity of both disciplines. In this article, the authors present two levels of integration that teachers may use as a starting point. The first level, writing without revision, can be worked into mathematics instruction quickly and readily. The second level, writing with revision, may take more time but enables teachers to connect the writing process more fully with mathematics instruction. Six examples are provided, including student work, in which teachers have successfully attended to the goals of both writing and mathematics. 8th and 12th graders, show an increase in writing scores. NAEP data as well as other sources published during the decade preceding their review revealed that the more frequently students reported writing one or more paragraphs in science and social studies, the higher their writing achievement.
The results, however, were lower in mathematics. English, science, and social studies. That we see so few examples of the integration of writing and mathematics in educational literature seems surprising, considering that the mathematics education community has affirmed the importance of such integration for many years. Principles and Standards for School Mathematics.
Still, many teachers struggle to link writing and mathematics and honor the integrity of both disciplines at the same time. Teachers of writing might say that if students are assigned to describe the process they used in solving a problem with no revision or editing, the quality of integration is drawn into question. Teachers of mathematics might say that if students are asked to write a report on a famous mathematician they may not be engaged in developing mathematical reasoning no matter how many drafts they write. There are two levels of integration that teachers may use as a beginning point. Writing without revision, the first level, can be readily worked into mathematics instruction. Writing with revision, the second level, may take more time but enables teachers to connect the writing process more fully with mathematics instruction.
Each level can be appropriate under differing circumstances. She also had her students write about mathematics in a process-oriented way during writing workshop. Some wrote stories such as “The Hexagon Adventure” and “The Magical Subtracting Frying Pan. Others wrote autobiographies such as “How I Learned to Do Math in Kindergarten and Beyond. This article presents six additional examples, including student work, in which teachers have attended to the goals of both writing and mathematics. By no means are these ideas new.
Teachers may have been introduced to them before, but perhaps not in the context of mathematics. Although the following suggestions are not exhaustive, teachers have found them to be a promising place to begin. As students start class, they are given a prompt to which they respond for a few minutes in writing. The task is not designed as a mathematics problem per se, but rather to encourage students to focus on mathematics.